); Ludwig (1903–1945), and Ernst Wolfgang (1904–1979). The firm's senior managers already had a lot of independence and operations continued without any major upheaval. Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. [20], At Buchenwald, liberated on 11 April, the crematoria ovens remained intact. Die „Besetzer_innen“ wollen mit der Aktion auf den Abriss der Industriebrache Topf und Söhne sowie der drohenden Räumung des Besetzten Hauses auf einem Teil des ehemaligen Firmengeländes aufmerksam machen. He owned his own brewery and had also worked in the fuel technology industry. [4], The company began manufacturing incinerators for burning municipal waste and, from 1914, crematoria for local authorities, due to the increasing acceptability of cremation as a means of body disposal. The idea was that the bodies would be loaded by a type of conveyor belt and the heat of the bodies already in the oven would ignite them, thus, after an initial heating period, it would remain in continuous operation without the need for any further fuel – the heat of burning corpses would keep the apparatus running. Et pourtant, leur entreprise a équipé les camps de concentration et d'extermination de fours crématoires et … [1], After leaving school, Ludwig studied machine engineering at the Technische Hochschule Hannover, now the University of Hannover. [1], On 26 October 1942, the engineer Fritz Sander, Prüfer's manager, applied for a patent for what he called a "continuous operation corpse incineration oven for mass use". Teil I: Hausbesetzung in Erfurt - 1998 bis heute; Teil II: Hausbesetzung in Erfurt - 1989 bis heute(Übersicht) Die Ausstellung als PDF-Datei [5][4], Topf, now living in the American occupied zone, was arrested by the American CIC on 25 March 1946. Auch unbequemer. Braun, also a qualified engineer, was the factory's production manager. It also includes transcripts of two documents from the original Topf company, making its collaboration with the SS clear. Else Topf supported this stance. At least 620 foreigners were forced to work for the company. Topf und Söhne. Un brevet portant sur un four fonctionnant en continu est même déposé. In World War II it also made weapons shells and aircraft parts for the Luftwaffe. L'extermination d'êtres humains n'était pas un phénomène passager dans le national-socialisme. Plus miliony pokojów w hotelach, kurortach, apartamentowcach i schroniskach na całym świecie. En même temps, ils confirment l'importance qu'a eue Topf & Fils pour le perfectionnement de l'extermination industrialisée. The Topf brothers wanted to return and manage the firm, but at a company works council meeting on 30 January 1933, they were labelled "Judengenossen" (friends of Jews) and not suitable to lead the company. Most of them came from France, Italy, the Soviet Union and Belgium. [10] A Topf transportable, double-muffle oven was delivered in winter 1939/40, and two, three-muffle stationary ovens were ordered. Topf & Fils (J.A. This was a four-storey oven designed for Auschwitz II. Die "Besetzer_innen" wollen mit der Aktion auf den Abriss der Industriebrache Topf und Söhne sowie der drohenden Räumung des Besetzten Hauses auf einem Teil des ehemaligen Firmengeländes aufmerksam machen. In the 1932 elections they became the second largest party; Hitler became chancellor in March 1933. Unterstützt wird die Aktion von der Grünen Jugend, der DGB-Jugend, den Jusos, dem Jugendbüro RedRoXX, der Offenen Arbeit und anderen, wie eine Sprecherin mitteilte. They also filmed the camp, including the crematoria, with the camera pointedly focusing on the J.A. However, important witness statements were lost and Soviet authorities in Erfurt were no longer interested in assisting with the case. [28] The University of Erfurt's television channel, UNIcut,[31] made a short report about the occupation shortly before the eviction. [26][27], Squatters moved onto part of the site of the former factory on 12 April 2001 and set up an independent culture centre known as Das Besetzte Haus (the occupied house). A. Topf & Söhne company, Auschwitz-Birkenau Crematoria: Civilian Ovens Comparison (2016), Topf & Sons as Partners of the SS. Cependant les relations avec la SS étaient houleuses. [1][14] Messing, who was a communist, not a Nazi, spent from January to June 1943 working at the camp. It was made a subsidiary of VVB NAGEMA, a group of East German state-owned engineering companies. [20], On 27 April 1945, Ludwig Topf organised a meeting with company's works council at which it was agreed that the line to be taken with investigators was that workers and management knew that the ovens were delivered to concentration camps, but that they did not know the details of what was going on. However, the family made a further claim for financial compensation. Before crematoria II, III and IV at Auschwitz II were officially put into operation, on 5 March 1943, in the presence of high-ranking SS officers from Berlin, camp authorities and Topf & Söhne staff, a test of crematorium II was held to measure the speed at which bodies could be disposed of. Dennoch markiert das gerade erschienene Buch „Industrie und Holocaust. Sans Topf, les SS n'auraient jamais pu mettre en place un tel systèmes d'élimination des humains[4]. A 'muffle' is the incineration chamber where the body is put. [3], In addition to Auschwitz and Auschwitz II–Birkenau, Topf & Söhne also built crematoria ovens for Buchenwald, Dachau, Mauthausen-Gusen, Mogilev ghetto, and the Gross-Rosen concentration camp. The ambitious engineer Kurt Prüfer joined at the same time. A. Topf und Söhne war ein Industriebetrieb in Erfurt. April 2001 besetzten AntifaschistInnen einen Teil des ehemaligen Topf und Söhne Geländes in Erfurt. Der Deutscher Fußballbund zeichnet Bildungsprojekt vom Erinnerungsort Topf & Söhne und Spirit of Football e.V. [4], This was happening against a backdrop of rising Nazism. Topf and Sons (German: J.A. After graduating from Hannover, he spent a further five years at Leipzig, Berlin and Rostock universities, studying a wide range of subjects, including economics, law, and sociology. Die Texte sind einer Ausstellung über Häuserkampf und Stadtteilppolitik entnommen, die ebenfalls von den Besetzer/innen des Topf & Söhne-Geländes erstellt wurde. Sök och jämför hotell nära J. J. The investigation was suspended in 1951. [1], In 1951 Topf founded a new company, in Wiesbaden, to make crematoria and refuse incinerators. Epithets such as 'the engineers of the final solution' and 'the technicians of mass murder' have been applied to Töpf & Söhne, because, to a greater extent than its competitors, it used its considerable expertise to assist the Nazi regime to make mass execution into an efficient, industrial process. Karl Schultze later gave a full report about this to Ludwig Topf. [1], In March 1948 the Spruchkammer in Wiesbaden, where Topf had moved to, took over his files. Des témoignages oculaires de membres du 'Sonderkommando', qui étaient forcés de travailler dans les crématoires, attestent du déroulement des massacres et de la destruction des cadavres. They had two children. They used stop-watches to time the process and took notes. wurzelnackt im Topf. [1], Initially, Buchenwald camp, which opened in July 1937, sent bodies to the local Weimar city crematorium. C'est lui qui accéléra, à partir de 1939, la collaboration de Topf & Fils avec la SS. A. Topf und Söhne med Skyscanner hotell. However, for appearances sake, they were persuaded to join the Nazi party, in April 1933. Erinnerungsort Topf & Söhne – Die Ofenbauer von Auschwitz. C'est dans les années 1930 que Ludwig et Ernst Wolfgang Topf commencèrent à travailler dans l'entreprise créée par leur grand-père. The company not only made crematoria ovens, it also made ventilation systems for the gas chambers at Auschwitz II–Birkenau. Heating, brewing & incineration equipment, silos, chimneys. With the second generation of the Topf brothers all dead, Else Topf (1882–1940), Ludwig's widow, became the owner. He was later involved with researching the history of the firm and in setting up the memorial site and museum. Topf und Söhne) est une société allemande spécialisée en installations de chauffage qui fut créée en 1878 à Erfurt. En 1941, Ludwig Topf parvint à se soustraire à son service militaire en affirmant qu'il était indispensable pour le projet Auschwitz. La direction de l'entreprise, les ingénieurs et les monteurs non seulement livrèrent les fours crématoires pour faire disparaître les personnes assassinées. The unusually high numbers looked suspicious, so the SS wanted their own on-site facilities, although it was illegal for crematoria to be outside of local authority control. Cerca e confronta hotel vicino a J.A. The two older brothers also joined the company in the late 1880s, but they both died by the mid-1890s; Gustav, aged 40 and Albert, aged 39. Ausstellung: 31.10.2020 10:00 – 04.07.2021 18:00 Kategorie: Sonderausstellung, Geschichte, Gedenken, Topf und Söhne. Hallo und Herzlich Willkommen hier. Assmann, Aleida; Hidderman, Frank (eds) (2002), This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 00:07. Topf died in 1979. From April 1938 to March 1939, 90% of all cremations at Weimar came from Buchenwald. "[23], Over the next two years, the other three men remained in custody and were interrogated in Germany and in Moscow, where, on 17 April 1948, they were sentenced to 25 years in a Russian labour camp. Tefal Simpleo B815S4 Topf- und Pfannenset 4 tlg. L'entreprise dans laquelle fut absorbée Topf & Fils à l'époque de la RDA tenta de faire endosser toute la responsabilité aux propriétaires capitalistes de l'entreprise. Topf's wife Erika, aged 52, died in April 1963. Même si ces fours particuliers ne représentaient qu'une petite activité annexe pour la société, celle-ci parvint rapidement à conquérir une place de leader sur le marché des fours crématoires en Allemagne. "Topf & Söhne", wie die Firma nach dem Tod des Gründers hieß, setzte seit 1914 auch auf einen neuen Trend - die Einäscherung. Busca y compara hoteles cercanos a J. Das Unternehmen stellte der SS leistungsstarke Öfen für die Beseitigung der Leichen in den Konzentrationslagern zur Verfügung und zögerte nicht, technische Lösungen zur "Optimierung" des Mordens im Vernichtungslager Auschwitz-Birkenau zu liefern. The museum documents the history of Topf & Söhne and its collaboration with the Nazi regime using material from the company's archives, oral history and items found at the Buchenwald concentration camp site. The occupation was one of the most well known actions of left-radicals of that period in Germany. The company's crematoria department was closed in 1955 and in 1957 it stopped production of all forms of combustion machinery and was renamed VEB Erfurter Mälzerei- und Speicherbau (VEB EMS), (Erfurt Oasthouse and Granary Construction). Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références ». The brothers, like their father, did have many good relationships with Jewish friends, neighbours and business contacts. Elle fut l'un des deux principaux fournisseurs des fours crématoires utilisés par l'Allemagne nazie[1]. [4], Kurt Prüfer (1891–1952), a senior engineer and the main designer of the ovens, was initially arrested by the American CIC on 30 May 1945 and interrogated. Topf moved the company to Mainz in 1954. Look up the English to German translation of Topf in the PONS online dictionary. Kori. [3], As Ernst Topf was now in western Germany and his brother Ludwig was dead, Topf & Söhne was declared an "ownerless company" and in 1946 it was taken over by the state and renamed "Topfwerke Erfurt VEB". [18][19], In April 1945, Erfurt and Buchenwald were liberated by the US Army. wurzelnackte Rose. Les avantages obtenus en échange étaient modestes, et ne peuvent expliquer que (très) partiellement un tel engagement. It was never built. [8], The influence of Nazi staff within the firm also grew. This closed at the end of 1949 and Topf's file was handed over to the Wiesbaden state prosecutors office, where investigations into him as an accessory to murder for his role in the Holocaust began. En pratique : Quelles sources sont attendues ? [4], On 1 March 1946 the firm was given a large contract for malting and brewing equipment by the reparations department of the Soviet military, however a few days later, four engineers of the firm were arrested. Les dirigeants de Topf & Fils, tout comme les employés concernés, nièrent toute culpabilité et toute complicité de ces crimes. [1], Auschwitz and Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camps were liberated by the Red Army on the 26 and 27 January 1945. La SS fut désignée comme seule coupable. [26], The factory workshops no longer remain, but a museum and education centre opened in the former administration building on 27 January 2011, Holocaust Memorial Day. (20 cm, 16 cm, 28 cm), Edelstahl/schwarz. En tant que témoins du génocide, les détenus du camp de concentration tentèrent de laisser des témoignages avant la libération d'Auschwitz. Topf & Söhne, hoping to capitalise on its good reputation prior to World War II. The Nazi party first gained seats in the German parliament in 1928. A. Topf und Söhne — Das Unternehmen J. [17] To try to conceal what had been going on, the SS blew up the crematoria and gas chambers before the Soviet troops arrived. J.A. He was unmarried and had no children. Later, in Topf & Söhne's instructions on using the ovens, they advised adding bodies to the muffles at 20-minute intervals as the previous body burned down. Later, the company diversified into silos, chimneys, incinerators for burning municipal waste, and crematoria. Topf and Sons (German: J.A. Au sein de leur entreprise, les frères Topf dépendaient de la longue expérience de leurs chefs de division et de leurs ingénieurs de l'époque. Pour ce faire, il leur fallut observer les premiers massacres et incinérations dans les crématoires. From 1942 until spring 1944 about 1000 people per day were transported to Auschwitz, although not all of them were killed. It had already been agreed in the Yalta Conference, held in February 1945, that the area would come under Soviet control after the Germans had been defeated. After the truth about the concentration camps was exposed, Topf & Söhne's involvement was quite widely known. This bland valediction (complimentary close) was often used at the end of letters Topf & Söhne sent to the SS, in which details of orders for concentration camp ovens were discussed.[30]. The company's history was not fully researched until after German reunification in 1990. [5], The motto "Stets gern für Sie beschäftigt, ..." ("Always happy to be at your service, ...") is painted in large letters on the outside of the restored building. A book about the occupation was published in 2012, titled Topf & Söhne – Besetzung auf einem Täterort (Topf & Söhne – Occupation of a crime scene). [10], The first transport of Jews arrived at Auschwitz II on 15 February 1942. He never made any apology for Topf & Söhne's involvement with the Nazi regime. Ein richtiger Hingucker mit ihren tollen großen Blüten und sehr schönen Farben. Two further legal proceedings followed in 1962 but neither resulted in a formal charge. - Beluister of download de In Europa Salon - 1942 met Johannes Houwink ten Cate - Beluister of download Geert Maks In Europa Podcast - Lees alle weblogberichten over 1942 - Vind meer video, audio en artikelen op de In Europa Atlas: 1942 1942 Erratum: [3][7], Ludwig Topf was wealthy and successful, but committed suicide in February 1914, aged 51, due to the stress of running the business. About 8.5 million Germans had been members of the party and the Spruchkammer were set up to investigate them. Topf und Söhne con Skyscanner Hotel. From March 1943 until November 1944, nearly 1 million people were murdered and disposed of at the camp. Les installations Topf & Fils représentaient une avancée considérable pour les crémations lors de funérailles religieuses. Und so wird es wohl am Hirnzigenberg noch eine ganze Weile so ruhig bleiben. Those present observed the bodies being put in the ovens and burned. Film from Buchenwald and other concentration camps was used as evidence at the Nuremberg Trials. Wyszukaj i porównaj hotele w pobliżu: J. on Holocaust related topics. [8] Der Beitritt zur NSDAP sowie die anfängliche Geschäftsbeziehung zur SS können teilweise mit der Angst der Gebrüder um den … Nazi concentration camp crematoria and gas chamber ventilation.