Zarin Katharina ließ den Orlow Diamanten, wie er fortan genannt wurde, in die Spitze des goldenen Zepters der … / 16. At the Battle of Larga, he won the Order of St. George, third class, and fought well during the rout of the main Turkish force that followed. Then he built Simferopol as the Crimean capital. In all, Catherine's phrasing in 22 letters suggested he had become her consort, at least secretly. A distant relative of the Moscovite diplomat Pyotr Potemkin (1617–1700), Grigory was born in the village of Chizhovo near Smolensk into a family of middle-income noble landowners. / 24. ConceptNet 5 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.If you use it in research, please cite this AAAI paper. This is his "official" birth-date as given on his tombstone. Less promising was that St. Petersburg, exposed after Russia's best forces departed for the Crimea, was now under threat from Sweden in the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–90. [53] The ensuing alliance represented the triumph of Potemkin's approach over courtiers such as Catherine's son Paul, who favored alliance with Prussia. An absolute ruler, he worked to colonize the wild steppes, controversially dealing firmly with the Cossacks who lived there. [124] Russian opponents such as Semyon Vorontsov agreed: the Prince had "lots of intelligence, intrigue and credit", but lacked "knowledge, application and virtue". Commons is a freely licensed media … By 1787, the British ambassador reported twenty-seven battleships. [20] Potemkin's army, under Pyotr Rumyantsev, continued its advance. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([pɐˈtʲɵ.mkʲɪn], russisch Григорий Александрович Потёмкин, wiss. Yemelyan Pugachev had just arisen as a pretender to the throne, and commanded a rebel army thirty thousand strong. After their passion cooled, he remained her lifelong friend and favored statesman. Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin. Potemkine, Grigori Aleksandrovitch, 1739-1791 Григорий Александрович Потёмкин Русский военный и государственный деятель, генерал-фельдмаршал Potemkin, Grigorij Aleksandrovič knjaz 1739-1791 Potemkin, Grigorij (Grigorij Aleksandrovič), 1739-1791 [66][67][68], Potemkin then embarked on a period of city-founding. In 1755 a second inspection placed him in the élite Horse Guards regiment  [ ru ]. [28] In March 1774 he became Lieutenant-Colonel in the Preobrazhensky Guards, a post previously held by Alexei Orlov. He supported a stream of both Russian and foreign colonists, he founded some new cities, and created the Black Sea Fleet.In 1783 he carried out the project of annexing Crimea to Russia, for which he received the … A week later, and after kind words from Catherine, he was rallied by the news that the fleet was not in fact destroyed, but only damaged. Made commander in chief and governor-general of “New Russia” (southern Ukraine), he remained friendly with her, and his influence was unshaken despite Catherine’s taking subsequent lovers. [36] In December 1784 Catherine first explicitly referred to Potemkin as her husband in correspondence, though 1775, 1784 and 1791 have all been suggested as possible nuptial dates. Uued Uudised peavad oluliseks sõnavabadust. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. He was also busy with the so-called Greek project, which aimed at restoring the Byzantine Empire under one of Catherine’s grandsons. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by … [127], Potemkin also had influential relatives. In a word, all my passions have been sated. [nb 2] The second most successful city of Potemkin's rule was Nikolayev (now better known as Mykolaiv), which he founded in 1789. He was interested in history, generally knowledgeable, and loved the classical music of the period, as well as opera. Tale. [27][34] Potemkin also rose in political stature, particularly on the strength of his military advice. [17] Eighteen months later, Potemkin reappeared, probably summoned by Catherine. He promoted large-scale foreign colonization and peasant resettlement in the south—with only mediocre success so far as agricultural settlements went but with great success in the foundation…. But there was exaggeration in all his enterprises. He divided his time between military preparation (creating a fleet of a hundred gunboats to fight within the shallow liman) and chasing the wives of soldiers under his command. Transliteration , deutsch auch Gregor Alexandrowitsch Potemkin; * in Tschischowo bei Smolensk; † bei Jassy, beerdigt in der St. Jekaterinen-Kirche in Cherson) war … Back on the Turkish front, Potemkin advanced towards the fortress of Bender on the Dniester river. Potemkin was deeply interested in the question of Russia’s southern boundaries and the fate of the Turkish empire. Finally, on 6 December, the assault began and four hours later the city was taken, a coup for Potemkin. [77] Potemkin returned to the south, having arranged that Catherine would visit in the summer of 1787. Kategorie:Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). Auch ihr Liebhaber, Feldmarschall Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin passt überhaupt nicht zu Helen Mirren. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by Christian Friedrich Reinhold Lisiewski. [103], Success on the Turkish front continued, mostly attributable to Potemkin. [24] By late January Potemkin had tired of the impasse and effected (perhaps with encouragement from Catherine) a "melodramatic retreat" into the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His father, Alexander Potemkin, was a decorated war veteran; his mother Daria was "good-looking, capable and intelligent", though their marriage proved ultimately unhappy. A number of dates as late as 1742 have been found on record; the veracity of any one is unlikely to be proved. [37], That Catherine and Potemkin married is "almost certain", according to Simon Sebag Montefiore;[38] though biographer Virginia Rounding expresses some doubt. Joseph II of Austria had already made him a prince of the Holy Roman Empire (1776); Catherine made him prince of Tauris in 1783. Prince of princes : the life of Potemkin by Simon Sebag Montefiore ( Book ); Potemkin, soldier, statesman, lover and consort of Catherine of Russia by George Soloveytchik ( Book ); Imperial policies and perspectives towards Georgia, 1760-1819 by Nikolas K Gvosdev ( Book ) Keine Action, keine Leidenschaft, nix. Militarperson (Russisches Reich): Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin, Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, Fabian Gottlieb Von Bellingshausen (Paperback) and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. Potemkin moved south in mid-March, as the "Prince of Taurida". Potemkin achieved appreciable success in Russia's newly won southern provinces, in which he was an absolute ruler. Grigori Potjomkin sündis mitte jõukas aadliperekonnas, tema erupolkovnikust isa suri, kui Grigori oli seitsmeaastane. Potemkin renamed two ships in her honor. [35] In quick succession he won appointment as Governor-General of Novorossiya, as a member of the State Council, as General-in-Chief, as Vice-President of the College of War[36][37] and as Commander-in-Chief of the Cossacks. [128] A distant nephew, Felix Yusupov, helped murder Rasputin in 1916.[125]. Преглед … September jul. [114], Potemkin's grave survived a destruction order issued by Paul and was eventually displayed by the Bolsheviks. [49] During Catherine's (comparatively) long relationship with Lanskoy, Potemkin was particularly able to turn his attentions to other matters. [95] As part of the diplomatic machinations, Potemkin was given the new title of "Grand Hetman of the Black Sea and Yekaterinoslav Cossack Hosts"[96] and in March he assumed personal control of the Black Sea fleet as Grand Admiral. [12][13] After the coup Catherine singled out Potemkin for reward and ensured his promotion to second lieutenant. Potemkin's sister Maria, for example, married Russian senator Nikolay Samoylov: their son Alexander was decorated for his service under Potemkin in the army; their daughter Ekaterina married first into the Raevsky family, and then the wealthy landowner Lev Davydov. / 24. Under the terms of the surrender, the garrison was allowed to leave unharmed, but three hundred guns were captured by the Russians in the process. General Alexander Suvorov won an important victory at Kinburn in early October; with winter now approaching, Potemkin was confident the port would be safe until the spring. [118] Potemkin's nail-biting was so persistent that it was frequently noticed by courtiers and guests, and resulted in hangnail. Dolgorukaya was soon replaced by a new mistress, Sophie (de) Witte (nicknamed "The Beautiful Greek"), who was renowned in the courts of Europe at that time and had an accommodating husband. Petersburg. [104] In the end, Potemkin was given the requisite authority to negotiate with the Turks (and, afterwards, to pursue his Polish ambitions), and dispatched by Catherine back to the south. by Douglas Smith, 2004. Auch ihr Liebhaber, Feldmarschall Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin passt überhaupt nicht zu Helen Mirren. Ich habe Teil II gesehen … [99], After two years he returned to St. Petersburg to face the threat of war against an Anglo-Prussian coalition in addition to the war with Turkey. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin [83] Potemkin and Catherine agreed on a primarily defensive strategy until the spring. [14] Catherine promoted him again to Kammerjunker (gentleman of the bedchamber), though he retained his post in the Guards. Though Potemkin was among those guarding the ex-Tsar, it appears that he had no direct involvement in Peter's murder in July. Potjomkin tai Potemkin tarkoittaa seuraavia: . Grigori is ’n afstammeling van die Moskouse diplomaat Pjotr Potjomkin.Hy word in die dorp Tsjizjowo naby Smolensk gebore. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin превод на речника немски български на Glosbe, онлайн речник, безплатно. Grigori Aleksandrovitš Potjomkin (ven. [88], Potemkin argued with Suvorov and Catherine herself, who were both anxious to assault Ochakov, which the Turks twice managed to supply by sea. that Kizlovsky fathered Potemkin,[7] who became the centre of attention, heir to the village and the only son among six children. Another favored associate was Mikhail Faleev. [42][43] Though he was "bored" with Catherine, the separation was relatively peaceful. [16] Potemkin entered Catherine's circle of advisers, and in 1762 took his only foreign assignment, to Sweden, bearing news of the coup. Nearly ten thousand Turks had been killed at a cost of (only) two-and-a-half thousand Russians. Transliteration Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin, deutsch auch Gregor Alexandrowitsch Potemkin; * 13. [97] The peace also freed up military resources for the war against the Turks. [105], Potemkin fell ill in the fever-ridden city of Jassy, although he kept busy, overseeing peace talks,[nb 5] planning his assault on Poland, and preparing the army for renewed war in the south. [71] Potemkin also rewarded hundreds of thousands of settlers who moved into his territories. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin war ein russischer Fürst, Feldmarschall sowie Vertrauter und Liebhaber der russischen Zarin Katharina der Großen. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ile ilgili cümledeki kullanımına bak, söyleyişini dinle ve dil bilgisini öğren. This page was last edited on 29 February 2020, at 12:25. Grigori Potjomkin (Potemkin, 1739–1791), venäläinen sotamarsalkka; Potjomkin (”Ruhtinas Potjomkin Taurialainen”), Venäjän keisarikunnan taistelulaiva; Panssarilaiva Potemkin, neuvostoliittolainen elokuva vuodelta 1925; Potemkin, ympäristötaideteos Kuramatan kylässä Japanissa. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([pɐˈtʲɵ.mkʲɪn], russisch Григорий Александрович Потёмкин, wiss. [41] Signs of a potential "golden adieu" for Potemkin include his 1776 appointment, at Catherine's request, to the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire. The Tauride Palace was turned into a barracks, and the city of Gregoripol, which had been named in Potemkin's honor, was renamed. Allegedly, as Catherine reviewed her troops in front of the Winter Palace before their march to the Peterhof, she lacked a sword-knot (or possibly hat plumage), which Potemkin quickly supplied. [89] Catherine wrote that "you [Potemkin] have shut the mouths of everyone... [and can now] show magnanimity to your blind and empty-headed critics". The political situation, however, had become complex. Grigori Potjomkin wurde am 24. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Catherine the Great: Influence of Grigory Potemkin. [31], The frequent letters the pair sent to each other survive, revealing their affair to be one of "laughter, sex, mutually admired intelligence, and power". [107] On October 16 [O.S. View Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin by Christian Friedrich Reinhold Lisiewski on artnet. Transliteration Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin, deutsch auch Gregor Alexandrowitsch Potemkin; * 13. Potemkin returned to war in 1773 as Lieutenant-General to fight in Silistria. It appears that Catherine missed him, and that Potemkin took a December letter from her as a summons. [58] That kingdom was about to expand: under the Treaty of Kuçuk Kainarji, which had ended the previous Russo-Turkish war, the Crimean Khanate had become independent, though effectively under Russian control. [50] He embarked upon a long series of other romances, including with his own nieces, one of whom may have borne him a child. [90] Potemkin then visited the naval yard at Vitovka, founded Nikolayev, and traveled on to St. Petersburg, arriving in February 1789. [122] Potemkin's contemporary Ségur was quick to criticise, writing that "nobody thought out a plan more swiftly [than Potemkin], carried it out more slowly and abandoned it more easily". [97], In July 1790 the Russian Baltic Fleet was defeated by the Swedish at the Battle of Svensksund. September 1739 geboren . ; Katso myös. It was during this battle that Potemkin first employed a maneuver of his own design known as the "Megufistu Flank," drawing the Tatars out of position and breaking their lines with a well timed cavalry charge. [110], Potemkin was embalmed, and a funeral was held for him in Jassy. Schade! Leaving in April, the royal party arrived in Kherson a month later. [39] By late 1775, however, their relationship was changing, though it is uncertain exactly when Catherine took a secretary, Pyotr Zavadovsky, as a lover. Oktober jul. Biography Early life. Ports in the region became bases for his new Black Sea Fleet. His father, Alexander Potemkin, was a decorated war veteran; his mother Daria was "good-looking, capable and intelligent", though … — Love & conquest : personal correspondence of Catherine the Great and Prince Grigory Potemkin / ed. His remains now appear to lie in his tomb at St. Catherine's Cathedral in Kherson. His highs and lows, his material and sexual excesses, his impulsive whims, his energy and lethargy, and his depressive spells speak to some kind of bipolar disorder. [40] On 2 January 1776, Zavadovsky became Adjutant-General to the Empress (he became her official favorite in May) and Potemkin moved to command the St. Petersburg troop division. He kept his own court, which rivalled Catherine's: by the 1780s he operated a chancellery with fifty or more clerks and had his own minister, Vasili Popov, to oversee day-to-day affairs. It has been suggested[by whom?] 30 suhteet. September / 24. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([pɐˈtʲɵ.mkʲɪn], russisch Григорий Александрович Потёмкин, wiss. Catherine purchased the Tauride Palace and his art collection from his estate, and paid off his debts. [32] Many of their trysts seem to have centered around the banya sauna in the basement of the Winter Palace;[28][33] Potemkin soon grew so jealous that Catherine had to detail her prior love-life for him. [117], Potemkin was most likely manic depressive. An eccentric workaholic, Potemkin was vain and a great lover of jewelry (a taste he did not always remember to pay for),[citation needed] but he disliked sycophancy and was sensitive about his appearance, particularly his lost eye. [115], Potemkin "exuded both menace and welcome"; he was arrogant, demanding of his courtiers, and very changeable in his moods, but also fascinating, warm, and kind. I am entirely happy! Potemkin, in a fit of depression, would have resigned but for the steady encouragement of the empress. [25][26] Several weeks later he had usurped Vasilchikov as Catherine's favorite,[27] and was given the title of Adjutant General. by … [73] Outside of Novorossiya he drew up the Azov-Mozdok defense line [ru], constructing forts at Georgievsk, Stavropol and elsewhere and ensured that the whole of the line was settled. zu Tschijewo bei Smolensk, a gestuerwen de 5. Potemkin, Grigori Aleksandrovich pōtĕm´kÄ­n, Rus. Russischer Feldmarschall, Vertrauter und Günstling der russischen Zarin Katharina der Großen – Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin wurde am 13.09.1739 in (Weiler in Russland) geboren und starb mit 52 Jahren am … Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин, pronounced "Patyómkin") (OldStyleDate|September 24|1739|September 13) – OldStyleDate|October 16|1791|October 5) was a Russia n general-field marshall, statesman, and favourite of Catherine II the … Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([pɐˈtʲɵ.mkʲɪn], russisch Григорий Александрович Потёмкин, wiss. Die Redewendung geht zurück auf eine Erzählung über den russischen Feldmarschall Reichsfürst Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin, die nicht den historischen Gegebenheiten entspricht. [63], The "criminal"[clarification needed] breaking of the Cossack hosts, particularly the Zaporozhian Cossacks in 1775, helped define his rule. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He became an army paymaster and oversaw uniform production. In any case Potemkin returned to St. Petersburg as a war hero. By the end of November, only one major target remained: the Turkish fortress of Izmail. Transliteration Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin, deutsch auch Gregor Alexandrowitsch Potemkin; * 13. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. C H I L D W O O D Back to the Roots Hinter den sieben Bergen Orthodoxie Ans Wasser - Wo alles beginnt Byzanz Mein Dorf Vom Anfang zum Ende Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin The arsenal of Kherson, begun in 1778, the harbour of Sevastopol, built in 1784, and the new fleet of 15 ships of the line and 25 smaller vessels were monuments to his genius. and then entered the army. ihm. The talks, which were continued by Catherine's secretary and foreign minister, [ɡrʲɪˈɡorʲɪj ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ pɐˈtʲɵmkʲɪn tɐˈvrʲitɕɪskʲɪj], Ministry of Internal Affairs of Transnistria, Report on the 29th award of the Count Uvarov Prizes, https://mvdpmr.org/podrazdeleniya-mvd/gou-rkk/o-korpuse/25577-istoriya-rkk.html, Mistresses and minions of Russian Emperors and Empresses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grigory_Potemkin&oldid=992483907, People of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774), Recipients of the Order of St. George of the First Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Second Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Third Degree, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The name of the giant seaside staircase in, The Grigory Potemkin Republican Cadet Corps is a specialized institution in the, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:28. Hy word bevorder tot tweede luitenant van die wag. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potemkin by Attributed to Christian Friedrich Reinhold Liszewski. [46][47] The favorite had a high-pressure position: after Zavadovsky came Semyon Zorich (May 1777 to May 1778), Ivan Rimsky-Korsakov (May 1778 to late 1778), Alexander Lanskoy (1780 to 1784), Alexander Yermolov (1785-1786), Alexander Dmitriev-Mamonov (1786-1789) and Platon Zubov (1789-1796). [89] In May he left once more for the front, having agreed on contingency plans with Catherine should Russia be forced into war with either Prussia or the upstart Poland, which had recently successfully demanded the withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory. Vroeë lewe. The glory of Catherine), now Dnipro. [72] Immigrants included Russians, foreigners, British convicts diverted from Australia, Cossacks and controversially Jews. [117] Potemkin was often noted for his uncouth behavior, most notably his unscrupulous sexual liaisons and biting his nails. He oversaw the construction of many historically significant buildings, including the Tauride Palace in St. Petersburg. Potemkin's bluster had probably contributed to the hostility, either deliberately or accidentally; either way, his creation of the new fleet and Catherine's trip to the south had certainly not helped matters. Potemkin can refer to:;People * Prince Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin, statesman and lover of Catherine the Great * Pavel Potemkin, a Russian diplomat and military leader, cousin of Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin * Pyotr Potemkin, a Russian diplomat and voivode;Other * The Russian battleship "Potemkin", named for Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin ** The Battleship "Potemkin" … The Prince of Ligne, a member of the Austrian delegation, who had explored on his own during the trip, later proclaimed the allegations to be false. See tähendab, et Uutes Uudistes avaldatud seisukohad ei pruugi ühtida Eesti Konservatiivse Rahvaerakonna seisukohtadega. October 5] 1791) was a Russian military leader, statesman, nobleman and favourite of Catherine the Great. Join Facebook to connect with Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin and others you may know ; Potjomkin beriet die Kaiserin weiterhin in Staatsangelegenheiten und blieb ihr Vertrauter. Later, he awoke and dispatched his entourage to Nikolayev. Though the immigrants were not always happy in their new surroundings, on at least one occasion Potemkin intervened directly to ensure families received the cattle to which they were entitled. Definitions of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin, analogical dictionary of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin (Italian) Grigori Alexandrowitsch, Reichsfürst Potemkin in MyHeritage family trees (Website der Familien Mücke und Straubel) Григорий ... Der Dichter Derschwain schrieb über Potjomkin: "Mit einer Hand spielt er Schach. [10] Having graduated from the University school, Potemkin became one of the first students to enroll at the University itself. Talented in both Greek and theology, he won the University's gold medal in 1757 and became part of a twelve-student delegation sent to Saint Petersburg later that year. In many of the Balkan lands he had well-informed agents. The five unmarried Engelhardt sisters arrived in court in 1775 on the direction of their recently widowed father Vassily. His part in the coup (1762) that made Catherine czarina brought him to her notice. Exhausted, Potemkin collapsed into a fever he barely survived. and transl. Catherine was distraught and ordered social life in St. Petersburg be put on hold. Eight days after his death, he was buried. Diese DVD ist leider - muss ich zugeben - ein Fehlkauf gewesen. Diese DVD ist leider - muss ich zugeben - ein Fehlkauf gewesen. in Tschischowo bei Smolensk; † 5. (“Potemkin village” came to denote any pretentious facade designed to cover up a shabby or undesirable condition.) New Russia). Nadat hy aan die Moskouse Universiteit studeer het, sluit hy aan by die Ruiterwag. It was generally agreed among his female companions that he was "amply endowed with 'sex appeal'". The Prince was sent on a tour to Novgorod, but, contrary to the expectations of some onlookers (though not Catherine's[44]), he returned a few weeks later. Catherine rewarded him with one hundred thousand roubles, which he used to construct the Tauride Palace in St. [61][62] The province of Taurida (the Crimea) was added to the state of Novorossiya (lit. / 24. / 16. In 1791 he returned to St. Petersburg, where, along with his friend Alexander Bezborodko, he made vain efforts to overthrow Catherine’s newest and last favourite, Platon Zubov. Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин; 24. syyskuuta (J: 13. syyskuuta) 1739 TÅ¡ižovo lähellä Smolenskia – 16. lokakuuta (J: 5. lokakuuta) 1791 Iași) oli venäläinen sotamarsalkka ja keisarinna Katariina II:n suosikki. Ich warte noch immer auf die Fortsetzung der Medici Teil III. He then snubbed her gift of the Anichkov Palace, and took new apartments in the Winter Palace, retaining his posts. Potjomkin, Gouverneur und Militärreformer, der sich unter Zarin Katharina II. Although Catherine had not yet taken Potemkin as a lover, it seems likely that she passively—if not actively—encouraged his flirtatious behaviour, including his regular practice of kissing her hand and declaring his love for her: without encouragement, Potemkin could have expected trouble from the Orlovs (Catherine's lover Grigory and his four brothers) who dominated court. He had been the namestnik of Russia's southern provinces (including Novorossiya, Azov, Saratov, Astrakhan and the Caucasus) since 1774,[citation needed] repeatedly expanding the domain via military action. As the son of an (albeit petty) noble family, he grew up with the expectation that he would serve the Russian Empire. Der Mythos besagt, dass der Begriff des Potemkinschen Dorfes auf den russischen Feldmarschall Reichsfürst Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin zurückgeht. Potjomkin hatte viele wichtige Aufgaben. [116], Louis Philippe, comte de Ségur described him as "colossal like Russia", "an inconceivable mixture of grandeur and pettiness, laziness and activity, bravery and timidity, ambition and insouciance". [28] When Catherine's friend Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm objected to Vasilchikov's dismissal, she wrote back to him, "Why do you reproach me because I dismiss a well-meaning but extremely boring bourgeois in favour of one of the greatest, the most comical and amusing, characters of this iron century? Catherine relented and had Potemkin brought back in early February 1774, when their relationship became intimate. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Grigory-Potemkin, Grigory Potemkin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Thousands of peasants were alleged to have been stage-managed for this purpose. [59] By July 1783, Potemkin had engineered the peaceful annexation of the Crimea and Kuban, capitalizing on the fact that Britain and France were fighting elsewhere.